Volume 18, Issue 3
Effect of Geometric Conservation Law on Improving Spatial Accuracy for Finite Difference Schemes on Two-Dimensional Nonsmooth Grids

Meiliang Mao, Huajun Zhu, Xiaogang Deng, Yaobing Min & Huayong Liu

Commun. Comput. Phys., 18 (2015), pp. 673-706.

Published online: 2018-04

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  • Abstract

It is well known that grid discontinuities have significant impact on the performance of finite difference schemes (FDSs). The geometric conservation law (GCL) is very important for FDSs on reducing numerical oscillations and ensuring free-stream preservation in curvilinear coordinate system. It is not quite clear how GCL works in finite difference method and how GCL errors affect spatial discretization errors especially in nonsmooth grids. In this paper, a method is developed to analyze the impact of grid discontinuities on the GCL errors and spatial discretization errors. A violation of GCL causes GCL errors which depends on grid smoothness, grid metrics method and finite difference operators. As a result, there are more source terms in spatial discretization errors. The analysis shows that the spatial discretization accuracy on non-sufficiently smooth grids is determined by the discontinuity order of grids and can approach one higher order by following GCL. For sufficiently smooth grids, the spatial discretization accuracy is determined by the order of FDSs and FDSs satisfying the GCL can obtain smaller spatial discretization errors. Numerical tests have been done by the second-order and fourth-order FDSs to verify the theoretical results.

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@Article{CiCP-18-673, author = {}, title = {Effect of Geometric Conservation Law on Improving Spatial Accuracy for Finite Difference Schemes on Two-Dimensional Nonsmooth Grids}, journal = {Communications in Computational Physics}, year = {2018}, volume = {18}, number = {3}, pages = {673--706}, abstract = {

It is well known that grid discontinuities have significant impact on the performance of finite difference schemes (FDSs). The geometric conservation law (GCL) is very important for FDSs on reducing numerical oscillations and ensuring free-stream preservation in curvilinear coordinate system. It is not quite clear how GCL works in finite difference method and how GCL errors affect spatial discretization errors especially in nonsmooth grids. In this paper, a method is developed to analyze the impact of grid discontinuities on the GCL errors and spatial discretization errors. A violation of GCL causes GCL errors which depends on grid smoothness, grid metrics method and finite difference operators. As a result, there are more source terms in spatial discretization errors. The analysis shows that the spatial discretization accuracy on non-sufficiently smooth grids is determined by the discontinuity order of grids and can approach one higher order by following GCL. For sufficiently smooth grids, the spatial discretization accuracy is determined by the order of FDSs and FDSs satisfying the GCL can obtain smaller spatial discretization errors. Numerical tests have been done by the second-order and fourth-order FDSs to verify the theoretical results.

}, issn = {1991-7120}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.4208/cicp.250614.060215a}, url = {http://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/cicp/11045.html} }
TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of Geometric Conservation Law on Improving Spatial Accuracy for Finite Difference Schemes on Two-Dimensional Nonsmooth Grids JO - Communications in Computational Physics VL - 3 SP - 673 EP - 706 PY - 2018 DA - 2018/04 SN - 18 DO - http://doi.org/10.4208/cicp.250614.060215a UR - https://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/cicp/11045.html KW - AB -

It is well known that grid discontinuities have significant impact on the performance of finite difference schemes (FDSs). The geometric conservation law (GCL) is very important for FDSs on reducing numerical oscillations and ensuring free-stream preservation in curvilinear coordinate system. It is not quite clear how GCL works in finite difference method and how GCL errors affect spatial discretization errors especially in nonsmooth grids. In this paper, a method is developed to analyze the impact of grid discontinuities on the GCL errors and spatial discretization errors. A violation of GCL causes GCL errors which depends on grid smoothness, grid metrics method and finite difference operators. As a result, there are more source terms in spatial discretization errors. The analysis shows that the spatial discretization accuracy on non-sufficiently smooth grids is determined by the discontinuity order of grids and can approach one higher order by following GCL. For sufficiently smooth grids, the spatial discretization accuracy is determined by the order of FDSs and FDSs satisfying the GCL can obtain smaller spatial discretization errors. Numerical tests have been done by the second-order and fourth-order FDSs to verify the theoretical results.

Meiliang Mao, Huajun Zhu, Xiaogang Deng, Yaobing Min & Huayong Liu. (2020). Effect of Geometric Conservation Law on Improving Spatial Accuracy for Finite Difference Schemes on Two-Dimensional Nonsmooth Grids. Communications in Computational Physics. 18 (3). 673-706. doi:10.4208/cicp.250614.060215a
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