Volume 2, Issue 3
MD Simulation of Structural and Mechanical Transformation of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Under Pressure

J. Zang, O. Aldás-Palacios & F. Liu

DOI:

Commun. Comput. Phys., 2 (2007), pp. 451-465.

Published online: 2007-02

Preview Full PDF 152 1086
Export citation
  • Abstract

We investigate the structural and mechanical properties of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) under hydrostatic pressure, using constant-pressure molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. We observed that all the SWNTs, independent of their size and chirality, behave like a classical elastic ring exhibiting a buckling transition transforming their cross-sectional shape from a circle to an ellipse. The simulated critical transition pressure agrees well with the prediction from continuum mechanics theory, even for the smallest SWNT with a radius of 0.4nm. Accompanying the buckling shape transition, there is a mechanical hardness transition, upon which the radial moduli of the SWNTs decrease by two orders of magnitude. Further increase of pressure will eventually lead to a second transition from an elliptical to a peanut shape. The ratio of the second shape transition pressure over the first one is found to be very close to a constant of ∼1.2, independent of the tube size and chirality.

  • Keywords

Carbon nanotube, high-pressure solid-state phase transformation, MD simulation.

  • AMS Subject Headings

  • Copyright

COPYRIGHT: © Global Science Press

  • Email address
  • BibTex
  • RIS
  • TXT
@Article{CiCP-2-451, author = {}, title = {MD Simulation of Structural and Mechanical Transformation of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Under Pressure}, journal = {Communications in Computational Physics}, year = {2007}, volume = {2}, number = {3}, pages = {451--465}, abstract = {

We investigate the structural and mechanical properties of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) under hydrostatic pressure, using constant-pressure molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. We observed that all the SWNTs, independent of their size and chirality, behave like a classical elastic ring exhibiting a buckling transition transforming their cross-sectional shape from a circle to an ellipse. The simulated critical transition pressure agrees well with the prediction from continuum mechanics theory, even for the smallest SWNT with a radius of 0.4nm. Accompanying the buckling shape transition, there is a mechanical hardness transition, upon which the radial moduli of the SWNTs decrease by two orders of magnitude. Further increase of pressure will eventually lead to a second transition from an elliptical to a peanut shape. The ratio of the second shape transition pressure over the first one is found to be very close to a constant of ∼1.2, independent of the tube size and chirality.

}, issn = {1991-7120}, doi = {https://doi.org/}, url = {http://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/cicp/7912.html} }
TY - JOUR T1 - MD Simulation of Structural and Mechanical Transformation of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Under Pressure JO - Communications in Computational Physics VL - 3 SP - 451 EP - 465 PY - 2007 DA - 2007/02 SN - 2 DO - http://doi.org/ UR - https://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/cicp/7912.html KW - Carbon nanotube, high-pressure solid-state phase transformation, MD simulation. AB -

We investigate the structural and mechanical properties of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) under hydrostatic pressure, using constant-pressure molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. We observed that all the SWNTs, independent of their size and chirality, behave like a classical elastic ring exhibiting a buckling transition transforming their cross-sectional shape from a circle to an ellipse. The simulated critical transition pressure agrees well with the prediction from continuum mechanics theory, even for the smallest SWNT with a radius of 0.4nm. Accompanying the buckling shape transition, there is a mechanical hardness transition, upon which the radial moduli of the SWNTs decrease by two orders of magnitude. Further increase of pressure will eventually lead to a second transition from an elliptical to a peanut shape. The ratio of the second shape transition pressure over the first one is found to be very close to a constant of ∼1.2, independent of the tube size and chirality.

J. Zang, O. Aldás-Palacios & F. Liu. (2020). MD Simulation of Structural and Mechanical Transformation of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Under Pressure. Communications in Computational Physics. 2 (3). 451-465. doi:
Copy to clipboard
The citation has been copied to your clipboard