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Let $M$ be a compact connected oriented 3-manifold with boundary, $Q_1, Q_2 ⊂ ∂M$ be two disjoint homeomorphic subsurfaces of $∂M$, and $h : Q_1 → Q_2$ be an orientation-reversing homeomorphism. Denote by $M_h$ or $M_{Q_1=Q_2}$ the 3-manifold obtained from $M$ by gluing $Q_1$ and $Q_2$ together via $h$. $M_h$ is called a self-amalgamation of $M$ along $Q_1$ and $Q_2$. Suppose $Q_1$ and $Q_2$ lie on the same component $F'$ of $∂M'$, and $F' − Q_1 ∪ Q_2$ is connected. We give a lower bound to the Heegaard genus of $M$ when $M'$ has a Heegaard splitting with sufficiently high distance.

}, issn = {2707-8523}, doi = {https://doi.org/}, url = {http://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/cmr/19105.html} }Let $M$ be a compact connected oriented 3-manifold with boundary, $Q_1, Q_2 ⊂ ∂M$ be two disjoint homeomorphic subsurfaces of $∂M$, and $h : Q_1 → Q_2$ be an orientation-reversing homeomorphism. Denote by $M_h$ or $M_{Q_1=Q_2}$ the 3-manifold obtained from $M$ by gluing $Q_1$ and $Q_2$ together via $h$. $M_h$ is called a self-amalgamation of $M$ along $Q_1$ and $Q_2$. Suppose $Q_1$ and $Q_2$ lie on the same component $F'$ of $∂M'$, and $F' − Q_1 ∪ Q_2$ is connected. We give a lower bound to the Heegaard genus of $M$ when $M'$ has a Heegaard splitting with sufficiently high distance.

*Communications in Mathematical Research*.

*27*(1). 47-52. doi: