A Quadrature-Based Kinetic Model for Dilute Non-Isothermal Granular Flows
Alberto Passalacqua 1*, Janine E. Galvin 2, Prakash Vedula 3, Christine M. Hrenya 4, Rodney O. Fox 11 Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011-2230, USA.
2 United States Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory, Morgantown, WV 26507-0880, USA.
3 School of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019-0601, USA.
4 Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309-0424, USA.
Received 2 February 2010; Accepted (in revised version) 16 September 2010
Available online 30 March 2011
A moment method with closures based on Gaussian quadrature formulas is proposed to solve the Boltzmann kinetic equation with a hard-sphere collision kernel for mono-dispersed particles. Different orders of accuracy in terms of the moments of the velocity distribution function are considered, accounting for moments up to seventh order. Quadrature-based closures for four different models for inelastic collision-the Bhatnagar-Gross-Krook, ES-BGK, the Maxwell model for hard-sphere collisions, and the full Boltzmann hard-sphere collision integral-are derived and compared. The approach is validated studying a dilute non-isothermal granular flow of inelastic particles between two stationary Maxwellian walls. Results obtained from the kinetic models are compared with the predictions of molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of a nearly equivalent system with finite-size particles. The influence of the number of quadrature nodes used to approximate the velocity distribution function on the accuracy of the predictions is assessed. Results for constitutive quantities such as the stress tensor and the heat flux are provided, and show the capability of the quadrature-based approach to predict them in agreement with the MD simulations under dilute conditions.AMS subject classifications: 76P05, 76T25, 78M05, 82B40, 82C80
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Key words: Kinetic equation, quadrature-based moment method, granular gas, collision integral, BGK-type model.
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