Commun. Comput. Phys., 7 (2010), pp. 927-976.

A Pressure Relaxation Closure Model for One-Dimensional, Two-Material Lagrangian Hydrodynamics Based on the Riemann Problem

James R. Kamm 1*, Mikhail J. Shashkov 2

1 Applied Physics Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA.
2 Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA.

Received 11 February 2009; Accepted (in revised version) 22 September 2009
Available online 6 January 2010


Despite decades of development, Lagrangian hydrodynamics of strength-free materials presents numerous open issues, even in one dimension. We focus on the problem of closing a system of equations for a two-material cell under the assumption of a single velocity model. There are several existing models and approaches, each possessing different levels of fidelity to the underlying physics and each exhibiting unique features in the computed solutions. We consider the case in which the change in heat in the constituent materials in the mixed cell is assumed equal. An instantaneous pressure equilibration model for a mixed cell can be cast as four equations in four unknowns, comprised of the updated values of the specific internal energy and the specific volume for each of the two materials in the mixed cell. The unique contribution of our approach is a physics-inspired, geometry-based model in which the updated values of the sub-cell, relaxing-toward-equilibrium constituent pressures are related to a local Riemann problem through an optimization principle. This approach couples the modeling problem of assigning sub-cell pressures to the physics associated with the local, dynamic evolution. We package our approach in the framework of a standard predictor-corrector time integration scheme. We evaluate our model using idealized, two material problems using either ideal-gas or stiffened-gas equations of state and compare these results to those computed with the method of Tipton and with corresponding pure-material calculations.

AMS subject classifications: 35L65, 65M06, 76M20, 76N15

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Key words: Lagrangian hydrodynamics, compressible flow, multi-material flow, pressure relaxation.

*Corresponding author.
Email: (J. R. Kamm), (M. J. Shashkov)

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