TY - JOUR T1 - New Finite Difference Methods Based on IIM for Inextensible Interfaces in Incompressible Flows JO - East Asian Journal on Applied Mathematics VL - 2 SP - 155 EP - 171 PY - 2018 DA - 2018/02 SN - 1 DO - http://doi.org/10.4208/eajam.030510.250910a UR - https://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/eajam/10901.html KW - Inextensible interface, incompressible flow, Stokes equations, Navier-Stokes equations, immersed interface method, inverse problem, regularization, augmented immersed interface method. AB -

In this paper, new finite difference methods based on the augmented immersed interface method (IIM) are proposed for simulating an inextensible moving interface in an incompressible two-dimensional flow. The mathematical models arise from studying the deformation of red blood cells in mathematical biology. The governing equations are incompressible Stokes or Navier-Stokes equations with an unknown surface tension, which should be determined in such a way that the surface divergence of the velocity is zero along the interface. Thus, the area enclosed by the interface and the total length of the interface should be conserved during the evolution process. Because of the nonlinear and coupling nature of the problem, direct discretization by applying the immersed boundary or immersed interface method yields complex nonlinear systems to be solved. In our new methods, we treat the unknown surface tension as an augmented variable so that the augmented IIM can be applied. Since finding the unknown surface tension is essentially an inverse problem that is sensitive to perturbations, our regularization strategy is to introduce a controlled tangential force along the interface, which leads to a least squares problem. For Stokes equations, the forward solver at one time level involves solving three Poisson equations with an interface. For Navier-Stokes equations, we propose a modified projection method that can enforce the pressure jump condition corresponding directly to the unknown surface tension. Several numerical experiments show good agreement with other results in the literature and reveal some interesting phenomena.